Internet of Things Dictionary
There are currently 287 names in this directory
The term 3.5G refers to a telecommunications speed that is between 3G and 4G as a result of technological advancements. These enhancements enabled quicker download speeds and decreased latency. High-Speed Downlink Packet Access is another name for it.
additions to 3G (wideband code division multiple access [WCDMA]) that enable high-speed data extensions that go beyond the 384 Kbps downlink and 64 Kbps uplink given by standard WCDMA.
IEEE 802.15.4 enables 50 kkps connection across subGHz frequencies (868 MHz and 915 MHz) at minimal power at the radio access layer.
A system that controls who, when, and where individuals can access and depart a place.
The technique of 3D printing involves the formation of successive layers of a substance.
Advanced Message Queueing Protocol
The Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) is a free and open protocol for exchanging business communications between applications or organizations.
Advanced Metering Infrastructure
AMI is an architecture for automatic, two-way communication between an IP-enabled smart utility meter and a utility provider. It is a forerunner or early instance of an IIOT network. Its purpose is to supply utility providers with timely data on power use and to enable customers to make educated energy usage decisions based on the pricing at the time of use.
AES-256, which has a key length of 256 bits, supports the largest bit size and is practically unbreakable by brute force based on current computing power, making it the strongest encryption standard.
Amazon Web Services
a set of remote computing services that work together to build a cloud computing platform
Application Program Interface
A method for computers to communicate with hardware or software platforms.
Deployment automation is a software deployment strategy that enables businesses to boost velocity by automating build processes, testing, and deployment workflows for developers.
A backend is a program that allows computers and servers to communicate with one another.
Blue Tooth Low Energy
A wireless personal area network geared towards gadgets that consume less electricity.
This is a sort of high-speed data transmission in which a single cable may carry a large amount of data at once. It enables the rapid transmission of a large number of messages.
Finally, application data is represented as IETF CBOR, a small binary format that is becoming increasingly popular in Internet of Things settings.
Cloud computing refers to the on-demand availability of computer system resources, particularly data storage and computational power, without the user's direct active supervision.
Code Division Multiple Access
a multiple access strategy that uses direct sequence spread spectrum to communicate
Cognitive Radio System
Intelligent equipment that can scan radio frequencies to detect which ones are quiet and quickly select one
A communications pattern in which several consumers receive messages from a single source.
Constrained Application Protocol
Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is a web transfer protocol designed for usage with constrained nodes and networks in the Internet of Things.
Controller Area Network
A network for general control for robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other's applications without a host computer.
A record containing authentication information. It's the common term for both the username and the password.
A innovative mechanism for bypassing standard funding methods for innovators and businesses.
Cyber Physical Systems
Different sorts of systems apply digitally specified goals to the physical environment.
Data driven decision management
The process of gathering and evaluating relevant information in order to make business decisions.
Degrees of Freedom
A MEMS engineering concept that explains the directions in which an item can travel.
Device Agnostic Control
the Edge Layer, which offers site abstraction so that the server may be site agnostic
Digital out of Home
DOOH (Digital out of Home) technologies contribute to Smart Cities as an advertising idea for dynamic displays.
assets that are spatially scattered and require particular characteristics to find
DA refers to the installation of intelligent controls on a utility's grid's distribution part, the system of local power lines and neighborhood substations, to enable real-time monitoring and intelligent control.
IETF DTLS establishes end-to-end AES encryption and authentication for security. As a consequence, all sensor and location data submitted to the database is kept private and secure. DTLS is a cutting-edge security protocol for the Internet.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
a management protocol that governs the assignment of internet protocol (IP) addresses
the initial layer of communication to which devices connect before connecting to the server
A computer that performs a specific purpose within a broader mechanical or electrical system.
Code that executes on hardware microcontrollers. It often performs specialized low-level operations, frequently without the need of an operating system.
A technology that analyzes visual data and the differences between photos in a sequence.
Field Programmable Gate Array
An integrated circuit (IC) that is designed to be customized after it has been manufactured.
After product delivery, manufacturers can use mobile technology to wirelessly correct defects or remotely install new software, features, and services on mobile devices.
Free Over The Air
Free-to-air television and radio shows are aired to the general public and can be viewed for free.
Intel Galileo is the first in a line of Arduino-certified development boards based on Intel x86 architecture and is designed for the maker and education communities
A device that accepts data from several places on the network and delivers data to another network.
General Packet Radio
A wireless standard for 2G and 3G cellular networks that supports data speeds ranging from 56 to 114 kbps.
General user interface
The graphical user interface, or GUI, is a sort of user interface that lets users to interact with electronic devices using graphical icons and audible indicators such as main notation rather than text-based UIs, written command labels, or text navigation.
Global Navigation Satellite System
is a common word for satellite navigation systems that provide autonomous geospatial location with worldwide coverage. A device having GNSS access ensures that technologies have constant accuracy, redundancy, and availability. If one satellite's link fails, another may be established in seconds, frequently without pauses or delays.
Global System for Mobile Communications
The most extensively used digital cellular network provides the foundation for mobile communication such as phone calls and SMS (SMS).
software systems that do not require the use of certain proprietary devices to be deployed
an autonomous vehicle, referring to the fact that no one's head is visible in the driver's seat
Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning
These systems, which are associated with Refrigeration for HVACR, encompass both vehicle and interior comfort management.
The Internet Engineering Task Force is an Internet standards body in charge of the technical specifications that comprise the Internet protocol suite.
The IETF RPL creates a mesh network in which wireless mesh routers may expand connectivity beyond the capabilities of a single radio link. Because the protocols are self-healing, they are ideal for deeply embedded applications.
Industrial Scientific and Medical band
An unlicensed portion of the radio frequency spectrum used for general data transmission.
Industrial, Scientific and Medial Band (US)
An unlicensed portion of the radio frequency spectrum used for general data transmission. The ISM bands in the United States are 915MHz, 2.4 GHz, and 5.5 GHz, with 2.4 GHz being the worldwide unlicensed frequency with growing quantities of interference.
Infastructure as a Service
Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is a sort of cloud computing service that provides on-demand computation, storage, and networking resources on a pay-as-you-go basis. IaaS, along with software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and serverless, is one of four categories of cloud services.
An integrator is a component whose output signal is the time integral of its input signal.
International Telecoms Union
The International Telecommunication Union is a United Nations specialized institution in charge of numerous issues including information and communication technology.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, envisions fast change in technology, industries, and social patterns and processes in the twenty-first century as a result of increased interconnection and smart automation.
Internet of Everything
IoE is a phrase used to represent a hypothetical future in which machine-to-machine (M2M) connections are practically ubiquitous, covering people, structures, vehicles, systems, and processes. Despite the name, it does not require a global web/internet connection.
Internet of Things
A network of things that can collect data independently and intelligently configure themselves.
IP is the primary set of digital communication formats and protocols for transferring messages between computers over a single network or a network network.
Internet Protocol Suite
protocols for establishing a network of networks to provide a host with Internet access
An assessment of all wireless losses (e.g., antenna losses, building attenuation, propagation loss).
Local Area Network
A local area network (LAN) is a collection of computers and related devices that share a common communications line or wireless link to a server. A LAN connection is used by computers and mobile devices to exchange resources such as printers and network storage.
Long Range Communication Protocol
Used to refer to universal long-distance radio frequencies such as 3G, 4G, and 5G.
LoRa is a physical radio communication method that is private. It is based on chirp spread spectrum technology and spread spectrum modulation methods.
Low Power and Loss
consisting of embedded devices with low power, memory, and computational capability
Low Power Wide Area Network
designed primarily for M2M communications, with long-range and low-power usage
Low-Power Wireless Sensor Network
A collection of geographically dispersed, autonomous devices that collect data by measuring physical or environmental factors while using minimum electricity.
the usage and development of computer systems that can learn and adapt without explicit instructions, by analyzing and drawing conclusions from data patterns utilizing algorithms and statistical models
Machine to Machine Communication
M2M is a wide term that can refer to any technology that allows networked devices to communicate information and conduct activities without the need for human intervention. It is a fundamental idea in internet of things applications.
A network architecture in which a device sends data while also acting as a relay for other nodes.
Micro electro mechanical System
Microelectromechanical systems, also known as micro-electromechanical systems, as well as related micromechatronics and microsystems, are the technology behind microscopic devices, particularly those having moving elements.
an open, non-proprietary communications protocol that allows machines to speak with one another
a device that can modulate and demodulate, for example, digital data from a computer and an analog signal from a phone line
Narrow Band Radio
Narrowbanding refers to public safety and industrial/business land mobile radio systems transitioning from 25 kHz efficiency technology to at least 12.5 kHz efficiency technology.
A communication endpoint, a connecting point, or a redistribution point. The definition varies depending on the network and protocol layer in question. A network node is an active electronic device that is connected to a network and may create, receive, or send data across a communications channel.
over the air services
a method for remotely upgrading internet-connected gear with fresh configurations.
Personal Area Network
PAN is the connectivity of information technology devices within a person's range. It can be used to communicate between personal devices or to connect to a higher-level network and the internet. Bluetooth devices frequently provide consumer PANs, such as between a phone and a speaker or television.
The physical layer (also known as layer 1) handles bit-level transmission between devices and allows for electrical or mechanical interfaces to connect to the physical media for synchronized communication.
Platfiorm as a service
Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing approach in which a third-party supplier provides customers with hardware and software capabilities through the internet.
Power over Ethernet
permits electrical current for each device's functioning to be transmitted by data cables
programmable Logic controller
used to automate industrial control systems with real-time control needs
Proof of Concept
A proof of concept, also known as a proof of principle, is the implementation of a certain approach or idea in order to establish its practicality, or a demonstration in principle with the goal of demonstrating that a particular notion or theory has practical potential.
Proof of Value
Proof of value is a mix of a Proof of Concept (POC) and communication of a solution's predicted commercial value.
Quality of Service
QoS regulates network capabilities and resources in order to offer a dependable foundation for IoT connection. QoS may regulate delays, bandwidth, and packet loss by categorizing traffic and setting channel restrictions in order to provide secure and predictable services.
Radio frequencies When used in IoT talks, this word often refers to "wireless communication."
Radio Frequency Identification
A method of identifying items that employs electromagnetic coupling and radio frequency.
Received Signal Strength Indicator
RSSI, or "Received Signal Strength Indicator," is a measurement of how well a signal from an access point or router can be heard by your device. It's a handy metric for assessing whether you have adequate signal to establish a good wireless connection.
Representational State Transfer
A web standards framework, particularly for the HTTP protocol. In comparison to SOAP, it is intended to ease the design of network applications. An architecture for describing entities accessible by a Web Service so that they may be interacted with (Create, Read, Write, Delete). Has grown in popularity as a more efficient replacement for standard SOAP Web Services.
Role based Access Control
For security reasons, the procedure of restricting system access to approved users.
A router is a physical or virtual device that connects two or more packet-switched computer networks.
Short Message Peer to Peer Protocal
MPP, which stands for Short Message Peer-to-Peer Protocol, is a set of rules that allows devices and software programs to send and receive text messages over the internet.
Short Message Service Centre
SMSC is an abbreviation for short message service center. It is the component of a wireless network that allows short message service (SMS) connections between network devices. SMSCs are used to transmit communications from one device to another in text messaging and many Internet of Things applications.
Signal to Noise Ratio
The relative intensity of an electrical or other desired signal to background noise.
A smart city is one that shares infrastructure, costs, data and policies across departments to understand the city as a whole. It improves livability, workability, and sustainability by utilizing information and communications technology (ICT).
A wristwatch having a display that interacts with the wearer and can connect to a network.
Software as a service
SaaS is a software distribution paradigm in which a cloud provider hosts programs and makes them available to end customers through the internet. An independent software vendor (ISV) may contract with a third-party cloud provider to host the application under this arrangement.
Software Defined Hardware
Software-defined hardware refers to the mapping of applications to Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) as an alternative to the costly creation of application-specific SoCs. However, the phrase may also refer to any domain-specific programmable and customizable SoC that is tailored for a certain set of applications.
Software Defined Network
A network that decouples information flow control from hardware and gives it to software.
Software Development Kit
a set of libraries, tools, and procedures that enable users to construct software applications
Store and Forward
A communications technique in which a broker acts as a middleman between the sender and the recipient.
The loss of radio wave strength while passing through a material such as a brick wall.
Sub-GHz is named for the frequency range in which it works (Sub-GHz technology operates in a frequency band less than 1 GHz, usually around 920MHz).
the branch of information technology concerned with the transmission of digital data over large distances
Time of Flight
The time-of-flight concept is based on determining how long it takes a wave to travel from a source (a time-of-flight sensor) to an item and back.v
TLS (Transport Layer Security) is an internet technology that encrypts email for privacy and safe delivery.
TPM (Trusted Platform Module) technology is intended to provide hardware-based security functionalities. A TPM chip is a safe crypto-processor that performs cryptographic operations. The chip incorporates numerous physical security methods to prevent tampering, and malicious software cannot interfere with the TPM's security operations.
Transmission Control Protocol
A fundamental Internet communication protocol based on the client/server concept.
generates brief, narrow pulses and might be an appealing alternative for asset tracking
Universal Mobile Telecommunications Service
It refers to the family of radio technology involved with third-generation (3G) cellular networks. UMTS provides higher capacity, more efficient use of the radio spectrum, and more advanced cellular capabilities than predecessors such as GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications).
User Datagram Protocol
User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is a data-transmission protocol used on the Internet. UDP promotes speed above dependability, sending data packets to a destination via a connectionless procedure. UDP is useful for time-sensitive use cases such as video streaming, Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), video gaming, and Domain Name System (DNS) lookups because to its low latency.
Video Motion Detection
A system that analyzes visual data and the differences between photos in a sequence.
Wi-SUN is an extension of IEEE 802.15.4 that provides regulatory-compliant frequency hopping across several regions (EU & US). Frequency hopping is critical for ensuring strong communication independent of any deployment's interference profile.
Wide Area Network
A wide-area network (WAN) is a broadband network that allows communication across longer distances. It necessitates a high bandwidth and low latency. Utility use cases for WAN include AMI backhaul, CCTV, WiFi, and renewable resource integration.